Definition: Anticoagulants are a medication that is taken by patients with heart problems to make their blood thinner. This drug work on chemical reactions in your body to increase the time it takes for blood to clot. This causes your blood to be thinner and subsequently reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Examples of Anticoagulants include warfarin (Coumadin), aspirin, clopidorgrel (Plavix), heparin, dabigatran, apixiban, and rivaroxaban. Please consult with your physician on which anticoagulant is best for you depending on your condition. Only warfarin (Coumadin) is approved to prevent blood clots in patients with mechanical heart valves. Patients on Coumadin are able to test their INR to see how quickly their blood is clotting in order for their cardiologist or pcp to appropriately adjust their dosage.